* Herbert S. & Mary L. Beane Fellow and National Rainbow-PUSH Coalition Foundation Scholar, United Theological Seminary; Adjunct Professor, Southern University Law Center. The author previously served as Vice President of the East Baton Rouge Parish School Board, the governing body of Louisiana’s largest public school district. This Essay benefits from my spring 2012 presentation at Tulane Law School, following the generous invitation of Francis X. Shen, Ph.D., J.D., then-Visiting Professor at Tulane and now Professor at the University of Minnesota Law School. I am grateful for Dr. Shen’s invitation and the facilitation by Ms. Amanda L. Austin. I also thank Maria G. Pitre-Martin, Ph.D., Director of the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, Division K–12, for insight regarding North Carolina’s successful application for Race to the Top education innovation funds and comments on an earlier draft. I am also grateful to Edward M. O’Brien and the editors of the University of Louisville Law Review for excellent work in publishing this response.